Our guest on the Peace & Justice Report on Wednesday, October 7 at 9am, was Donn Scott, statewide Campaign for Justice Organizer for the ACLU of Florida.
We talked about the new report on the Cost of School Policing, and what Florida’s students have paid for a pretense of security. If you’d like to hear the show, just go to archive.wslr.org.
From the Executive Summary of that report:
School districts across the country are reassessing the efficacy of integrating police officers into schools. This comes after many years of advocacy from impacted youth and on the heels of increased awareness of police brutality and the misuse of law enforcement for social services. Many schools are beginning to feel the impacts of COVID-19 on their budgets and are struggling to provide the minimum resources needed for education, further calling into question the appropriateness of spending scarce education dollars on policing. Despite this, some school districts are paying for more police officers and security personnel than even required by state law.
In this conversation, Florida’s school districts have been at the mercy of the Legislature. There has been a perception that they have only the false choice between placing a police officer or an armed civilian at every school due to a state mandate. Meanwhile, our students suffer:
» For the first time ever, there are more police officers working in Florida schools (3,650) than school nurses (2,286).
» The number of police officers in schools is more than double the number of school social workers (1,414) and school psychologists (1,452).
» During the 2018-19 school year, the number of youth arrests at school increased 8%, while the number of youth arrested in the community continued to decline by 12%.
» The presence of law enforcement was related to a greater fre- quency of school arrests (40-82% more at the school-level). This relationship existed at elementary, middle and high school levels.
» The presence of law enforcement predicted greater numbers of behavioral incidents being reported to law enforcement, particu- larly for less severe infractions and among middle schoolers.
» There was little consistent evidence that the presence of law enforcement decreased the number of behavioral incidents oc- curring, indicating that school-based law enforcement were not necessarily making schools safer.
Florida lawmakers must repeal the mandate for police and stop the push for armed personnel in schools and return discretion to local communities over whether and how police should be involved in schools. In the meantime, school districts can adopt policies, both internal and as part of memorandums of understanding with law enforcement agencies, to mitigate the harm of increased school policing:
» Educate teachers and staff to effectively manage classroom be- havior and about when it is appropriate to call the police on their students and when it is not.
» Teach students about their rights in police encounters and avoid blurring the lines between law enforcement and school staff when investigating, searching and interrogating students.
We cannot continue asking our students to carry the weight of adult fear and inaction at a time when they are more vulnerable than ever.
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